Intrauterine insemination is the process of placing a concentrated sample of sperm into the uterus. It is done at the time of ovulation to improve the chances of pregnancy.
WHEN TO CONSIDER IUI
For IUI to be successful, at least one fallopian tube that is open and healthy is required.
IUI may help you if:
- You have unexplained infertility
- You are using donor sperm to conceive
- You have had previous surgery on the cervix that makes it hard for the sperm to pass through the cervix to the uterus and tubes (for example, a trachelectomy or cone biopsy).
- You have a partner who has low sperm count, motility (swimming), and/or morphology (shape). IUI is often recommended when the total number of swimming sperm in a semen sample is between 5 and 20 million/mL. A sperm count above 20 million/mL is considered normal.
- You have a partner who has normal sperm parameters but who is unable to ejaculate into the vagina (for example due to dyspareunia, if either person has a disability, or if there is erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, or other such condition)